Paul’s Arrival at Jerusalem
17 When we arrived at Jerusalem, the brothers and sisters(A) received us warmly.(B) 18 The next day Paul and the rest of us went to see James,(C) and all the elders(D) were present. 19 Paul greeted them and reported in detail what God had done among the Gentiles(E) through his ministry.(F)
20 When they heard this, they praised God. Then they said to Paul: “You see, brother, how many thousands of Jews have believed, and all of them are zealous(G) for the law.(H) 21 They have been informed that you teach all the Jews who live among the Gentiles to turn away from Moses,(I) telling them not to circumcise their children(J) or live according to our customs.(K) 22 What shall we do? They will certainly hear that you have come, 23 so do what we tell you. There are four men with us who have made a vow.(L) 24 Take these men, join in their purification rites(M) and pay their expenses, so that they can have their heads shaved.(N) Then everyone will know there is no truth in these reports about you, but that you yourself are living in obedience to the law. 25 As for the Gentile believers, we have written to them our decision that they should abstain from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from the meat of strangled animals and from sexual immorality.”(O)
26 The next day Paul took the men and purified himself along with them. Then he went to the temple to give notice of the date when the days of purification would end and the offering would be made for each of them.(P)
27 When the seven days were nearly over, some Jews from the province of Asia saw Paul at the temple. They stirred up the whole crowd and seized him,(Q) 28 shouting, “Fellow Israelites, help us! This is the man who teaches everyone everywhere against our people and our law and this place. And besides, he has brought Greeks into the temple and defiled this holy place.”(R) 29 (They had previously seen Trophimus(S) the Ephesian(T) in the city with Paul and assumed that Paul had brought him into the temple.)
30 The whole city was aroused, and the people came running from all directions. Seizing Paul,(U) they dragged him(V) from the temple, and immediately the gates were shut. 31 While they were trying to kill him, news reached the commander of the Roman troops that the whole city of Jerusalem was in an uproar. 32 He at once took some officers and soldiers and ran down to the crowd. When the rioters saw the commander and his soldiers, they stopped beating Paul.(W)
33 The commander came up and arrested him and ordered him to be bound(X) with two(Y) chains.(Z) Then he asked who he was and what he had done. 34 Some in the crowd shouted one thing and some another,(AA) and since the commander could not get at the truth because of the uproar, he ordered that Paul be taken into the barracks.(AB) 35 When Paul reached the steps,(AC) the violence of the mob was so great he had to be carried by the soldiers. 36 The crowd that followed kept shouting, “Get rid of him!”(AD)
Paul Speaks to the Crowd(AE)
37 As the soldiers were about to take Paul into the barracks,(AF) he asked the commander, “May I say something to you?”
40 After receiving the commander’s permission, Paul stood on the steps and motioned(AK) to the crowd. When they were all silent, he said to them in Aramaic[a]:(AL) 22 1 “Brothers and fathers,(AM) listen now to my defense.”
2 When they heard him speak to them in Aramaic,(AN) they became very quiet.
Then Paul said: 3 “I am a Jew,(AO) born in Tarsus(AP) of Cilicia,(AQ) but brought up in this city. I studied under(AR) Gamaliel(AS) and was thoroughly trained in the law of our ancestors.(AT) I was just as zealous(AU) for God as any of you are today. 4 I persecuted(AV) the followers of this Way(AW) to their death, arresting both men and women and throwing them into prison,(AX) 5 as the high priest and all the Council(AY) can themselves testify. I even obtained letters from them to their associates(AZ) in Damascus,(BA) and went there to bring these people as prisoners to Jerusalem to be punished.
6 “About noon as I came near Damascus, suddenly a bright light from heaven flashed around me.(BB) 7 I fell to the ground and heard a voice say to me, ‘Saul! Saul! Why do you persecute me?’
8 “‘Who are you, Lord?’ I asked.
10 “‘What shall I do, Lord?’ I asked.
“ ‘Get up,’ the Lord said, ‘and go into Damascus. There you will be told all that you have been assigned to do.’(BF) 11 My companions led me by the hand into Damascus, because the brilliance of the light had blinded me.(BG)
12 “A man named Ananias came to see me.(BH) He was a devout observer of the law and highly respected by all the Jews living there.(BI) 13 He stood beside me and said, ‘Brother Saul, receive your sight!’ And at that very moment I was able to see him.
14 “Then he said: ‘The God of our ancestors(BJ) has chosen you to know his will and to see(BK) the Righteous One(BL) and to hear words from his mouth. 15 You will be his witness(BM) to all people of what you have seen(BN) and heard. 16 And now what are you waiting for? Get up, be baptized(BO) and wash your sins away,(BP) calling on his name.’(BQ)
17 “When I returned to Jerusalem(BR) and was praying at the temple, I fell into a trance(BS) 18 and saw the Lord speaking to me. ‘Quick!’ he said. ‘Leave Jerusalem immediately, because the people here will not accept your testimony about me.’
19 “‘Lord,’ I replied, ‘these people know that I went from one synagogue to another to imprison(BT) and beat(BU) those who believe in you. 20 And when the blood of your martyr[b] Stephen was shed, I stood there giving my approval and guarding the clothes of those who were killing him.’(BV)
21 “Then the Lord said to me, ‘Go; I will send you far away to the Gentiles.’ ”(BW)
Paul the Roman Citizen
23 As they were shouting and throwing off their cloaks(BZ) and flinging dust into the air,(CA) 24 the commander ordered that Paul be taken into the barracks.(CB) He directed(CC) that he be flogged and interrogated in order to find out why the people were shouting at him like this. 25 As they stretched him out to flog him, Paul said to the centurion standing there, “Is it legal for you to flog a Roman citizen who hasn’t even been found guilty?”(CD)
26 When the centurion heard this, he went to the commander and reported it. “What are you going to do?” he asked. “This man is a Roman citizen.”
27 The commander went to Paul and asked, “Tell me, are you a Roman citizen?”
“Yes, I am,” he answered.
28 Then the commander said, “I had to pay a lot of money for my citizenship.”
“But I was born a citizen,” Paul replied.